The Battle of Vimy Ridge is the next World War One battle mentioned in Angel of Mercy.
Here are some facts about the battle.
When: April 9-12, 1917
Where: near Arras, France
Who: The nations involved were
- Great Britain
What: The major events of the battle were
- Learning from the mistake during the Battle of the Somme, troops were better trained and better informed than during previous battles. Many of these recommendations came from 1st Division commander Arthur Currie.
- The battle began with an artillery barrage involving 1,000 guns.
- 15,000 of Canadian Corps’ nearly 100,000 men moved across No Man’s Land during cover from the barrage.
- The troops fought in snow and sleet.
- Most of the ridge was captured by the Canadians within an hour.
- The remainder of the ridge was captured on April 12.
Why: The attack took place because
- The British and French had failed to capture the ridge. Those previous attempts had resulted in more than 150,000 casualties.
- The attack was part of a larger offensive in the Arras region that also involved the British and the French. Only the Canadians would be successful.
- The battle is attributed as being the first significant step for Canada to separate its foreign policy from Great Britain’s. It is often called Canada’s “coming of age”.
- The battle marked the first time all four Canadian divisions fought together. It has gone down in history as a moment of great pride and nationalism, proof of what Canadians can achieve if they work together to reach a common goal.
- Causalities for the Canadians were 10,600, but this number would have been much higher were it not for planning. The Germans suffered 20,000 casualties.
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