This is the next in a blog series on the notable people of World War One.
T. E. Lawrence
August 16, 1888, as Thomas Edward Lawrence, in Tremadog, Wales
Born out of wedlock, Lawrence’s father, Thomas Chapman, left his wife to live with his lover, Sarah Lawrence. They called themselves Mr. and Mrs. Lawrence and remained together until Chapman died. Together they had five sons.
The family moved several times, and as a child Lawrence grew to love the outdoors.
As a teenager, Lawrence developed a love of archeology and studied to become a professional archeologist.
World War One:
Lawrence was working in the Middle East when war broke out. He joined the British Army in the autumn of 1914. His knowledge of the area was of great strategic value.
He was sent to Hejaz (an area that is today part of Saudi Arabia) with the task of convincing the Arabs to side with the British and fight against the Ottoman Empire. He also served as an interpreter. Lawrence began fighting alongside the Arabs using guerilla warfare tactics in what is known as the Arab Revolt.
Lawrence believed the Arab nations deserved independence, but this belief was not shared by the British and French governments.
Two of Lawrence’s brothers died in 1915, killed in action.
May 19, 1935, Dorset, England, from injuries sustained in a motorcycle accident
In 1919, a photographic exhibition of the Middle Eastern front was displayed in London featuring the work of war correspondent Lowell Thomas. The public loved seeing photos of Lawrence in traditional Arab dress. Lowell relaunched the show with an emphasis on Lawrence of Arabia.
Lawrence was a writer in addition to a career military man. He published several works, including several on his wartime experiences.
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