World War One was supposed to be the war to end all wars. Instead, it created a century of warfare.
The League of Nations was created as part of the Treaty of Versailles. Its creation brought people hope that a lasting peace could be established.
What Was the League of Nations?
The league was established with the goal of resolving conflict and maintaining peace.
The idea of a League of Nations type organization was put forth by several individuals although U.S. President Woodrow Wilson is often the man credited with the idea.
Forty-four nations joined the league in 1919, and the first meeting was held in January 1920.
Accomplishments and Failures
The League of Nations produced mixed results. It had the means of discussing disputes, but no military force to back up its decisions, so it was limited in what it could accomplish.
- Determining the future of Germany’s former African colonies.
- It settled some small, European and Asian territorial disputes.
- Setting up political mandates in the Middle East caused instability in the region.
- It failed to stop war between Paraguay and Bolivia, and it could do nothing but condemn other conflicts.
- It couldn’t stop Japan from invading China or Italy from invading Ethiopia.
- It could not enforce the disarmament specified in the Treaty of Versailles.
- It failed to stop World War Two.
The league disbanded in 1946 and was replaced with the United Nations.
Do you think the United Nations can succeed where the League of Nations failed? Leave a comment below.
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