Blood Transfusion Saved Lives During World War One

Blood is transfused directly from a man to the patient in the early 20th century

Blood Transfusion Saved Lives During World War One

A 19th century diagram showing howa blood transfusion was performed
A 19th century diagram showing how blood transfusions were performed

If war does have a silver lining, it’s the medical advances which come as a result. One of these advances is the blood transfusion. (This post is a companion piece to Melina Druga’s WWI Trilogy, Angel of Mercy, Those Left Behind and Adjustment Year, available wherever eBooks are sold.)

Blood transfusion was nothing new in 1914. Doctors had experimented with it since the 1600s. These early transfusions were from person to person, and sometimes didn’t work.

Doctors weren’t sure why until blood types were discovered in 1901. Six years later transfusions began being administered according to blood type. Matching blood types dramatically ensured the success of a transfusion.

World War I

Blood is transfused directly from a man to the patient in the early 20th century
In the earliest blood transfusions, blood was transferred directly from one person to another.

In 1914, the year World War I began, a successful anticoagulant was discovered. Finally, blood could be stored.

The first successful blood transfusion of the war was performed in October 1915 by Canadian doctor Lawrence Bruce Robertson at a casualty clearing station.

Robertson published his experience in a British medical journal the following year. With the aid of fellow physicians, Robertson was able to persuade the Royal Army Medical Corps that blood transfusions needed to be given routinely.

The first blood bank was established in 1917 with blood successfully stored for 21 days.

The WWI Trilogy by Melina Druga
The WWI Trilogy by Melina Druga: Angel of Mercy, Those Left Behind and Adjustment Year

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Updated: 26 October 2020
Melina Druga
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Melina Druga is a multi-genre author with a lifelong love of history, books and the English language. She pens historical fiction, chick lit and nonfiction.
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