The architecture most commonly associated with the Victorian age is Gothic Revival. Italianate also was common at the time. Both styles are very distinctive, making it easy to tell the age of a building.
Let’s take a look at each:
Gothic Revival gets its name from Gothic architecture popular during the Middle Ages. The revival started as early as the 18th century, but is associated with the late 19th and early 20th centuries.
Famous Gothic Revival buildings include Canada’s Parliament Hill, United Kingdom’s Houses of Parliament, New York City’s St. Patrick’s Cathedral, and the buildings of Boston College.
- Arches, gables and towers
- Pitched roofs
- Pointed windows
- Lacy trim
- Homes had porches and two floors
- Asymmetrical floorplans
- Decorative ornamentation
Another popular architectural style was Italianate, a re-creation of Italian Renaissance architecture. It began in the early 19th century and reached its peak in the 1890s.
Famous Italianate buildings include the government buildings in Wellington, New Zealand.
- Low, almost flat roofs
- Tall windows
- Eaves supported by corbels
- A tower might protrude from the roof
- Two or three stories
Enjoy architecture? Visit the Interior Design and Architecture section of my Pinterest board Life: 1890 to 1920.
Updated: 23 October 2020